Diabetes and Hypertension, two major causes of Kidney Disease

Ben Davidson
March 17, 2019

Common drugs such non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs like ibuprofen are known to cause kidney damage and disease if taken regularly.

The main objective of holding this day is to make the people aware about the importance and function of kidneys, the diagnosis of kidney diseases, methods of prompt treatment and most of all prevention of kidney diseases by informing and educating the masses.

In a speech read on his behalf by Manicaland provincial medical director Dr Patron Mafaune during World Kidney Day commemorations at Mutare Provincial Hospital yesterday, Minister of Health and Child Care Dr Obadiah Moyo said his ministry through the health levy was providing subsidies for dialysis so that it is offered for free.

Robson Square was transformed into a catwalk Thursday for an event marking World Kidney Day.

Hypertension can also damage the kidneys, or in some cases, be a sign of kidney disease. Smoking slows blood flow to the kidneys.

Health organizations organize this campaign globally to spread messages about kidney diseases, complications, and prevention and cure all across the countries. Most people in the early stages neither report any symptoms nor realise that anything is wrong with their kidneys. Over time, this extra strain can damage the kidneys and cause kidney disease. The end result is permanent kidney failure, which can lead to death if left untreated with dialysis or a kidney transplant. "Too much sodium also adds to the risk of high blood pressure, stroke, chronic kidney disease, and other severe health conditions". These people either require dialysis and/or kidney transplantation as a form of medical treatment.

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It should be noted, however, that anyone could suffer from kidney diseases, irrespective of age and gender. Since some kidney diseases may pass on from one generation to the next, the speakers urged those having a family history of kidney disease (such as polycystic kidneys) to ensure that all other members of their family are also screened through an ultrasound of the abdomen.

Nearly no symptoms have been reported at the initial stages.

Zimbabwe has more than 2 000 patients with chronic diseases.

PKLI&RC puts great emphasis on identification of risk factors leading to progression of CKD and interventions against them. He emphasized upon early screening and control of diabetes and hypertension. The institute aims to properly control diabetes (fasting glucose in 90-130 range and random blood glucose of less than 180) and high blood pressure (keeping it below 130/80), and manage lipid/cholesterol levels (target LDL of less than 100, triglycerides less than 150) through a low protein and low salt diet.

The growing number of diabetic patients in China might have a profound effect on the spectrum of CKD, Zhang added. Once the kidneys have failed, patients need either a dialysis or a kidney transplant to live. For instance, poorly controlled phosphorus and low calcium levels can cause muscle cramps. Avoiding blood transfusion and using erythropoietin and iron injections to keep haemoglobin level between 10 and 11 is extremely important in patients with progressive/CKD.

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